Deacon Ed’s Message – November 2016
Continuing on with our saints of the month, this month’s, saints are as follows:
November 1st. is the feast day of all Saints. All Saints day is also known as all hallows day celebrated on November the first in honoring all saints known and unknown. This feast day started at the beginning of the 8th. century to coincide or replace the Celtic festival of Samham. November the first was chosen because it was the date the Celtic festival of the death. It began in the in the 7th. /8th.century. Ireland celebrated it on April the 20th.
November 2nd. is the feast day of all Souls. All souls day commemorates all the faithful departed. Held on November the second and is associated with the three days of all hallow tide. It is tied to the liturgical doctrines on the resurrection of the body and the communion of the saints. Belief and practices for the dead has always been a part of the Jewish and Christian faiths.
November 3rd. is the feast day of St. Martin (1579-1639) was born at Lima , Peru on November 9, 1579. He was the illegitimate son of John de Porres, a Spanish knight and Anna, a freed Panamanian. He was apprenticed to a barber-surgeon. When he was twelve years of age. In 1594 he became a Dominican lay brother at Rosary Convent in Lima. He served in many ways and was very active in the caring of the sick. He founded orphanages and hospitals and was put in charge of the convents food distribution. He ministered to the African slaves brought to Peru. A close friend of St. Rose of Lima his efforts to help the poor, his holiness and penances caused him to be venerated by all. He died at Rosary Convent on November the 3rd. and was canonized in 1962 by Pope John XXIII. He is the patron saint of interracial justice.
November 4th. is the feast day of St. Charles Borromeo(1538-1584). He was the son of Count Gilbert Borromeo and Margaret Medici, sister of Pope Pius IV. He was born at the family castle of Arona on Lake Maggiore, Italy on Oct.2,1538. He received clerical instructions at the age of twelve and was sent to the Benedictine abbey of SS.Gratian and Felinus at Arona for his education. He went to Milan and Pavia to continue his education in 1552. In the same year his uncle was elected Pope Pius IV. The following he became his Secretary of State. He became a cardinal and the administer of the see of Milan. He was instrumental in reconvene the Council of Trent. He was ordained a priest in 1563 and consecrated bishop the same year. He was wounded by an assassin in 1569 for his insistence on the reforms of the order. He was instrumental in aiding many young priests. He died at Milan on the night of November the 3rd and was canonized in 1619. He was one of the towering Catholic figures of the Reformation.
November 10th. is the feast day of St. Leo the Great(461). He was probably born in Rome of Tuscan parents. He served as a deacon under Popes Celestine the first and Sixtus III and acted as peacemaker between Aetius and Albinus whose quarrels were leaving to open attacks by the barbarians and was elected by the Pope to succeed him while Sixtus III while he was in Gaul. He was consecrated on September 29,440. In 451 Leo called the General Council of Chalcedon to clarify the doctrine of the Incarnation. In a face to face meeting in 452 he dissuaded Attila and his Huns not to attack Rome after he in his invasion of Italy. Pope Leo ministered to the stricken people of his day and worked to rebuild many churches destroyed by the war. He sent missionaries to Africa to spread the good news of Jesus Christ. Leo died in Rome on November the tenth and was declared a Doctor of the church on that day.
November 11th. is the feast day of St. Martin Tours(316-397). He was born at Sabaria, Pannonia(Hungary). He was the son of a pagan army officer. He was taken to Pavia when his parents moved there and when fifteen, against his will he was inducted into the army. He gave much to the poor even cutting half his cloak to clad them. That night he had a vision of Christ clad in his half cloak. He became a convert and refused to fight and was discharged from the service. It has been reported that to have visions and revelations and was given the gift of prophesy. He went to Candes in Touraine, where he established a religious center and died there on November the eighth he was one of the great Saints of Gaul. His shrine at Tours became one of the most popular pilgrim centers in Europe. He is one of the patron saints of France.
November 12th. is the feast day of St. Josaphat(1580-1623) He was born at Vladimir, Volhynia, Poland John Kunsevich in his youth became an apprentice to a merchant at Vilna. Interested in pursuing his religious life he refused a partnership in the business and marriage to his master’s daughter. In 1694 he became a monk in the Ukranian Order of ST. Basil, a Holy Trinity monastery. Taking the name of Josaphat. He was ordained a priest of the Bryzantine rite in 160 9 and soon achieved a reputation as a compelling preacher and leading advocate for the union of the Ukrainian Church with Rome. His friend Rutsky became abbot of Holy Trinity and Josaphat was sent to find new houses in Poland. He returned in 1614 as abbot of the monastery when Rutsky was named metropolitan of Kiev. In 1617 Josaphat was named the bishop of Vitebsk, Russia. Due to some of his viewpoints and preaching he was beaten and shot to death the mob throwing his body into the Divina River at Vitebsk, Russia. He was canonized in 1867 the first Eastern saint to be formally canonized.
November 15th. is the feast day of St. Albert the Great and St. Margaret of Scotland. St. Albert the Great(1206-1280) was the eldest son of the count of Bolistadt. He was born in the family castle at Lautingen, Swabia, Germany. He studied at the University of Padua and in 1223 became a Dominican against his family’s wishes. He taught at art Cologne in 1228 and later at Hildesheim and Strasburg. By the time he returned to Cologne he had a wide reputation for his learning and intellect. He received his Doctorate at the University of Paris. He was named regent of the newly established studia generalia at Cologne in 1248. Thomas Aquinas was among his students. He was his close friend and comrade until his death in 1274. Albert was named provincial of his order in 1254. In 1260 against his wishes he was appointed bishop of Regensburg. However, he resigned two years later to resume his teaching at Cologne. He was active at the Council of Lyons in1274. In 1278 a memory lapse progressed into years of ailing health. On November 15th. He was canonized and declared a Doctor of the Church by Pope Pius XI in 1931. He was quite knowledgeable in biology, chemistry, physics, astronomy and geography.
November 16th. is the feast day of St. Margaret of Scotland and St. Gertrude. St. Margaret (1045-1093) was the daughter of Prince Edward d’Outremer and a German princess Agatha who was probably the niece of King St. Stephen of Hungary’s wife. Margaret was probably born in Hungary and raised at Stephen’s court. When she was twelve years of age she was brought to the court of King Edward the Confessor in England, but was forced to flee England with her mother and brother and sister after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. They were given refuge at the court of King Malcolm III of Scotland and in 1070 she and Malcolm were married. She became known for her great personal piety expressed in prayer, and fasting. Her great concern for the poor and the needy and for her royal benefactions. She died at Edinburgh Castle on November 14, 1093 soon after learning that her husband and son had been killed by rebels while attacking Edinburgh. She was canonized in 1250 and declared a patroness of Scotland on November 16, 1673.
St. Gertrude (1256-1302) of unknown parentage and often surnamed “the Great” was placed in the care of the Benedictine nuns at Helfta in Saxony when she was five years old. She became a pupil and close friend of St. Mechtilde. When older she became a nun and had her first of many visions of Christ she experienced during her lifetime. She became versed in the Bible and the writings of Augustine, Gregory and Bernard and began her supernatural and experiences. A record of all of these can be found in her Book of Extraordinary Grace. Along with St.Mechtilde she wrote a series of prayers that became very popular and through her writings spread devotion to the Sacred Heart. She died on November 17, 1847 at Helfta and though not formally canonized, Pope Clement XII directed that her feat be observed throughout the Church in 1677. She is he patroness of the West Indies.
November 17th. is the feast day of St. Elizabeth of Hungary (1207-1231). She was the daughter Andrew II of Hungary and Gertrude of Andechs-Meran. She was born at Pressburg, Hungary and at the age of four years old was brought to the court of Landgrave Herman I of Thuringia at Wartburg Casle , near Eisenach as the betrothed of hi son Ludwig.They were married in 1221, had four children and were an ideal married couple. She became known for her great charity and the building of a hospital at the foot of their castle. They were married six years when Ludwigwent on a crusade with Emperor Frederick II and died of the plague at Otranto. She was heartbroken and was accused of mismanaging his estate because of her charity. She was forced to leave Wartburg by her brother-in-law. She made provisions for her children in 1228 and became a Franciscan tertiary. She died at Marburg on November 7, 1231 not yet 24 years of age. Many miracles were reported at her tomb and Pope Gregory IX canonized her in 1235.
November 18th. is the feast day of St.Rose Philippine Duchesne. St. Rose was a French religious sister and educator. She was an early prominent member of the Religious sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. She founded the congregations first communities in the United States. She spent half her life teaching and serving. It was in 1788 that she made the decision to enter the Visitation of Holy Mary religious order. In 1801 with the Catholic Church she was ableto opeate in France under Napoleon. She attempted to reestablish the Visitation monastery, acquiring the buildings from its new owner. In 1804 encouraged by the Jesuit priest Joseph Varnto meet Duchesne. In 1818 with four other sisters she headed to the United States and she opened the first free school west of the Mississippi. In 1842 due to failing health she returned to St. Charles. Ten years later on November 18, 1852 she passed away at the age of 83 years.
November 22nd. is the feast day of St. Cecilia and St.Clement1. St. Cecilia was of a patrician family and also known as Cecily. She was married against her will to Valerian and convinced him to respect her virginity and become a Christian. She also converted his brother Tiburtius. Togeather they devoted themselves to charitable works until they were apprehended while burying the bodies of martyred Christians. Arraigned before the prefect, Almachius and refusing to worship to his pagan gods, they were scourged and beheaded at Pagus Triopius near Rome. Cecilia buried them and in turn was arrested. Almachius unable to shaken her faith she was sentenced to death. When her sentenced to death by suffocation was miraculously prevented, a soldier was ordered to behead her. He bungled the job and she laid dying for three days before expiring on September the 16th. She is the patroness of music and musicians.
St.Clement1(99). All that is known of him is that he was a Roman and suffered martyrdom away from Rome. Tradition has it that he was baptized by St. Peter and that he succeeded Cletus as Pope in the year 91. He was exiled to Crimea by Emperor Trajan and labored zealously preaching the faith among the prisoners working in the mines. Because of his faith and evangelization he condemned to death, had an anchor tied around his neck and thrown into the sea.
November 23rd. Is the feast day of St. Columban and Blessed Miguez Augustin Pro. St. Columban (540-615) was born In West Leinster, Ireland sometime between 540 and 550. He decided when a youth to dedicate himself to God despite his mother’s opposition. For a time he lived on Cluain Island in Lough Erne with a monk at Bangor. With 12 other monks he was sent as a missionary to Gaul about the year 585. He built his first monastery are Annegray in 590 and was so successful he built 2 more at Luxeuil and Fontaines. Soon his followers were spread throughout all over Europe.
Blessed Miguez Augustin Pro was born on Jan.13, 1891 in Guadalupe Mexico He died on Nov.23, 1927 in Mexico City, Mexico. His full name was Jose Ramon Miguel Asustin. He was the son of a mining engineer. From childhood he was known for high spirits and cheerfulness. He grew up in a pious home. He was born to privilege by had had great concern for the poor and working class. He entered the Jesuit novitiate at Ellano on Aug.15, 1911. In 1914 he studied in Mexico until a massive wave of governmental anti-Catholic members forced the novitiate to dissolve and the Jesuits were forced to flee to Los Catos California in the United States. In 1925 he and his brothers were visited by Generals Roberto Cruz and Palomera Lopez on November 22, 1927 and in that year without a trial Father pro was executed accused of a bombing attempt against the government. Placed before a firing squad and about to be shot, he forgave his executioners, refused to be blindfolded and died shouting, “Long Live Christ the King”. He was denied a public funeral but the faithful lined the streets as his body passed being taken to his resting place. He was venerated Nov.10, 1986 by Pope John Paul II and beatified on Sept. 25, 1988.
November 24th. is the feast day of St. Andrew Dung(Lac)1795-1839.He was born Tran Dung in 1795 taken the name Andrew at his baptism. A Vietnamese Roman Catholic priest, was executed by beheading in the reign of Minh-Mang. He is a Saint and martyr of the Catholic Church. He was ordained as priest on March 15, 1823 and changed his last name to Lac to avoid capture by anti-Catholic forces. His memorial is the 24th. of November. This memorial celebrates all of the Vietnamese martyrs of the 17th.18th.and 19th. centuries (1625-1886). He was beatified November 24, 1900 by Pope Leo XIII and canonized June 19, 1988 by Pope John Paul II. His feast day is celebrated on November the 24th.each year. He is the patron saint of home and family. He had 116 companions who helped him in his ministry and who were also martyred.
November 25th. is the feast day of St. Catherine of Alexandria(310). She is venerated in the East since the tenth century. It is believed that she was born in Alexandria of a patrician family and converted to Christianity due to a vision she had. She denounced Emperor Maxentius in person for his persecutions of Christians and when 50 pagan philosophers were converted they were burned to death. She was put in prison for her faith and the condemned her to death on a spiked wheel and when the wheel miraculously broke, he had her beheaded. Her body was brought to the monastery of Mount Sinai and is still there today. She is he patroness of philosophers, maidens and preachers.